The Gulf dialect is branched off from the Arabic language. It is a term by which all the Arabic dialects in the Arab Gulf region and the Gulf Cooperation Council countries are classified.
Countries that speak the Gulf dialect are the United Arab Emirates, the State of Kuwait, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Kingdom of Bahrain, and the State of Qatar. The Omani dialect is not considered as a Gulf dialect. Their words and meanings are different. It is an ancient dialect that has been passed down through generations until this present time.
The Emirati dialect is a branch of the Arabic language. It is similar to the Kuwaiti dialect in some words. In this dialect, the letter “qāf” (ق) is pronounced ” gā” (ج) and the letter “Jim” (جيم) is often pronounced as a “ya” (يا), such as “Masjid = Masyid.”
|Aseer – اسير = اذهب||Go|
|Dresha – دريشه = نافذه||Window|
|Benaya – بنيه= بنت||Girl|
|Hogra – حجره= غرفة||Room|
|Abba – ابا= اريد||Want|
The Kuwaiti dialect is a branch of the Arabic language as well and one of the Gulf dialects, but many of its words disappeared and new words appeared with the succession of different generations and the influence of different cultures.
The Kuwaiti dialect is characterized by two main branches:
- The urban Kuwaiti dialect.
- The Bedouin Kuwaiti dialect.
The difference between them appears in the pronouncement of the letter “Jim” (جيم) as in the urban dialect, it is pronounced as “ya” (يا), like the word “chicken” (دجاجة), is pronounced as “Diyya” (دياية), and the word “riyal” (رجال) for “rejal” (رجال) which means men. Also, the letter “qāf” (ق) is pronounced in the Kuwaiti dialect as “gā” (جا).
|Abi – أبي= اريد||I want|
|Mokharbat – مخربط = سيئ||Bad|
|Sakar – سكر= أقفل||Close|
|Ashtebe – شتبي = ماذا تريد||What do you want|
|Shnowa – شنو = ماذا||What|
The Bahraini dialect is used by most of the inhabitants of the Kingdom of Bahrain. And it speaks in two different dialects:
- The Bahraini dialect (Baharnah dialect) is the most widespread and is used in most areas of Bahrain. It is a little similar to the Iraqi dialect.
- The Gulf dialect, which is used in Muharraq, Riffa, Budaiya, Madinah, Umm Al Hassam, and some other areas. It is similar to the Qatari dialect with a difference in pronunciation.
There are many words in the Bahrani dialect that are not originally from the Arabic language, and the origins of these words go back to the Persian, Hindi, and Turkish languages as a result of these nationalities mixing with Baharna for a long time.
|Doshak – دوشق= السرير||Persian||Bed|
|Saman – سامان= ادوات||Hindi||Tools|
|Nokhza – نوخذة= ربان||Persian||Capitan|
|Dresha – دريشة= النافذه||Turkish||Window|
The Qatari Dialect
The Qatari dialect is also derived from the Arabic language and is similar to the Kuwaiti dialect. “qāf” (ق) is pronounced ” gā” (ج) and also in some words the letter “Jim” (جيم) is often pronounced as a “ya” (يا)
|مدوّح: مستدير = Madouh||Round|
|الروع: الجزع = Al-rawah||Fear|
|عوق: الم = ouk||Pain|
|فتاه جميله: دعبوبة = Dahbouba||Beautiful girl|
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is the original homeland of the Arabic language. The Arabic dialects vary there according to the following factors: geography, tribal, civilization, and nomadism.
|جر: اسحب = Gor||Pull|
|يدبج : يستطدم = Yadbaj||Crash|
|دبشه: غبي = Dabsha||Stupid|
|مرتاع : خايف = Morataa||afraid|
The Omani dialect is different than the Gulf dialect and other Arabic dialects. Its words and their meanings are different. It is a long-standing dialect inherited by generations to the present, and the Omani dialect varies from region to region and sometimes from one state to another. The dialect in the eastern region is different from the other regions such as Al-Batina, Mosandam, Al-Dakhleya, and Zafar.
The Muscat people’s accent is the one that is understood by all. As well as the people of Musandam because they are close to the Persians, they have been influenced by them, there are some Persian words they use in their Arabic speaking, so they are incomprehensible to those who do not understand Farsi. The eastern dialect and Al-Brimi province are also understood by the people of the UAE.
|لهجه: هرجة = Lahga||Dialect|
|خروفة:الكلام = Kharoufah||Utterance|
|اميلعط:ملخبط = Amelhat||Messed up|
|تيتون:صغير = Taytoun||Small|
The Gulf dialect is an Arabic dialect and it is spoken by the Arab clans and tribes that inhabited the Arab Gulf region on its banks. The Gulf dialect has been affected by some vocabulary from neighboring regions such as Persian and Turkish and it also contains some Hindi or English words due to the mixing that occurred between these peoples in the Arab Gulf region.
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